Science Library - free educational site

Mathematics jqmath reference

Maths symbols:

∀(& forall ;), ∥(8741), ∦(8742), B̂(B_&_#x302 ;), ⊥(perp), ⊾(8894), ∠(ang), ∝(8733), Γ(c), ∫, ∬, ∭, ∮, ∯, ∰, ∇, δ, ∂(part), ∼(sim), ≅(#8773), ≈(asymp), $x↖{‾}$, ′(#8242), ″(#8243), ‴(#8244), ↦(#8614), ⇒(#8658), ⇔(#8660), ∛(#8731), ∜(#8732), ℝ(#8477), ℂ(#8450), ℚ(#8474), ℤ(#8484), ∉(#8713), ∈(isin), ◊(loz),$∫↙{i=0}↖n$, ●(#9679), $(g ∘ h)(x)$ (#8728), ×(times), ×(#215), ß(szlig), «(laquo), »(raquo), „(#x84) “(#x93), ”(#x94), $(#36), ‰(#137) „deutsch“ (bdquo ldquo), Ø(#216), õ (otilde), ± (plusmn)

Fortunately, there are now cross-browser friendly javascript-based mathematics tools for displaying mathematical expressions well on a website. There are two parts: the javascript and CSS external files, and the code to use for your amthematics.

JQUERY library files

On this website, we use various techniques. A comprehensive one is jqmath, a version of jquery library. To use, place these links to the corresponding .css and .js files (or download them to your site) on the page you wish to use the jqmath on:

<link rel="stylesheet" href="">

<link rel="stylesheet" href="">

<script src=""></script>

<script src=""></script>

E.g. the quadratic equation:

The jqmath Code

This table is a list of jqmath code examples and the resultant display. To use, place the code within \$\$ characters. Single dollar sign characters before and after displays the maths in line, and double dollar signs create a block element of the maths.

e.g. single \$: $∑↙{i=0}↖n i={n(n+1)}/2$

e.g. double \$: $$∑↙{i=0}↖n i={n(n+1)}/2$$

Code without dollar sign tags Displayed mathematical expression
y-y_0=m(x-x_0) $$y-y_0=m(x-x_0)$$
cos^2θ+sin^2θ=1 $$cos^2θ+sin^2θ=1$$
∑↙{i=0}↖n i={n(n+1)}/2 $$∑↙{i=0}↖n i={n(n+1)}/2$$
{1+√5}/2=1+1/{1+1/{1+⋯}} $${1+√5}/2=1+1/{1+1/{1+⋯}}$$
f'(x)=lim↙{h→0}{f(x+h)-f(x)}/h $$f'(x)={lim}↙{h→0}{f(x+h)-f(x)}/h$$
[OH^{-}]=K_W/[H^{+}] $$[OH^{-}]=K_W/[H^{+}]$$
R_i_^j $$R_i_^j$$
∫_Δdbo ω=∫_{∂Δ}bo ω $$∫_Δdbo ω=∫_{∂Δ}bo ω$$
∀x_0∀ε>0∃δ>0∋{|x-x_0|}<δ⇒{|f(x)-f(x_0)|}<ε $$∀x_0∀ε>0∃δ>0∋{|x-x_0|}<δ⇒{|f(x)-f(x_0)|}<ε$$
∫_\Δd\bo ω=∫_{∂\Δ}\bo ω $$∫_\Δd\bo ω=∫_{∂\Δ}\bo ω$$
v↖{→}⋅w↖{→} = vwcos θ $$v↖{→}⋅w↖{→} = vwcos θ$$
{x:x^2∈ℚ} ${x:x^2∈ℚ}$
1/7 = 0.\ov 142857 $$1/7 = 0.\ov 142857$$
\table a, =, b+c; , =, d $$\table a, =, b+c; , =, d$$
\text"average speed" = \text"distance traveled" / \text"elapsed time" $$\text"average speed" = \text"distance traveled" / \text"elapsed time"$$
M = [\table α_1, α_1^q, …, α_1^{q^{n-1}}; α_2, α_2^q, …, α_2^{q^{n-1}}; ⋮, ⋮, ⋱, ⋮; α_m, α_m^q, …, α_m^{q^{n-1}}] $$M = [\table α_1, α_1^q, …, α_1^{q^{n-1}}; α_2, α_2^q, …, α_2^{q^{n-1}}; ⋮, ⋮, ⋱, ⋮; α_m, α_m^q, …, α_m^{q^{n-1}}]$$

Other symbols:

Γ(c), ∫, ∬, ∭, ∮, ∯, ∰, ∇, δ, $x↖{‾}$, ′, ″, ‴, ⇒, ∛, ∜, ℝ, ℚ, ℤ, ∈, ◊, ×

ℏ, ℐ, ℰ, ƒ, ℓ, ℎ, Å, ℧

Greek alphabet

ΑAlpha αalpha
ΒBeta βbeta
ΓGamma γgamma
ΔDelta δdelta
ΕEpsilon εepsilon
ΖZeta ζzeta
ΗEta ηeta
θTheta θ ϑtheta
ΙIota ιiota
ΚKappa κkappa
ΛLambda λlambda
ΜMu μmu
ΝNu νnu
ΞXi ξxi
ΟOmicron οomicron
ΠPi π ϖpi
ΡRho ρrho
ΣSigma σ ςsigma
ΤTau τtau
ΥUpsilon υ ϒupsilon
ΦPhi φphi
ΧChi χchi
ΨPsi ψpsi
ΩOmega ωomega

Content © Renewable.Media. All rights reserved. Created : February 21, 2014 Last updated :August 17, 2017

Latest Item on Science Library:

The most recent article is:


View this item in the topic:

Vectors and Trigonometry

and many more articles in the subject:

Subject of the Week


Science resources on Games, puzzles, enigmas, internet resources, science fiction and fact, the weird and the wonderful things about the natural world. Have fun while learning Science with


Great Scientists

Carl Linnaeus

1707 - 1778

Carl Linnaeus was a prolific writer, publishing books, lavishly illustrated, throughout his life. Through his travels, studies and collections, he developed a system of taxonomic nomenclature which is the basis of the modern system.

Carolus Linnaeus

Quote of the day...

Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.

ZumGuy Internet Promotions

English language school