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Leonardo

1454 - 1519

Leonardo da Vinci, 1452 - 1519, Italian artist and scientist/inventor.

Leonardo da Vinci's name is synonymous with genius and polymath. The range of his interests and talents seems endless. Despite his many lines of scientific investigation, his work in anatomy and botany was largely lost till rediscovered centuries later.

  • Nationality
  • Italian

  • Subject
  • Sciences, mechanical engineering

  • Fields
  • Machines, invention, anatomy, botany, flight, mathematics, architecture, geology, history, cartography, music, art, painting, sculpture

  • Publications
  • De divina proportione, (Of Divine Proprtions) by Luca Pacioli, contains many fine mathematical and geometrical drawings by Leonardo. These include the golden ratio and the rhombicuboctahedron.

  • Equations
  • Leonardo drew the Vitruvian Man on the basis of Vitruvius' golden ratio description of human proportions

  • Experiments/Discoveries
  • Inventions: mechanical principles, flying machines, parachute, water transport, fresco painting technique

Leonardo da Vinci is well-known for his many art works, which count among the greatest of all the Renaissance artists. Along with inventing and applying mathematical principles to art, such as parallax and natural fall of textiles, he made detailed drawings of plants, animals and human anatomy, and discovered hardening of the arteries as a cause of death.

Vitruvian Man
Leonardo da Vinci took the written instructions by the Ancient Roman architect, Vitruvius, to draw the human body in the golden ratio proportions

In engineering he was engaged to design original defensive structures and weapons of war. He is credited with designing the first tank, parachute, hang-glider, helicopter, underwater breathing equipment, the double hull, and many mechanical engineering devices, such as swinging bridges, water screws, and a giant arbelesque (crossbow).

Leonardo da Vinci, 1452 - 1519, Italian polymath, engineer and scientist
Leonardo was employed by Ceare Botgia to design incredible new war machine. This arbelesque would have destroyed city walls.
Leonardo da Vinci, 1452 - 1519, Italian polymath, engineer and scientist
Leonardo da Vinci, 1452 - 1519, Italian polymath, engineer and scientist
Leonardo da Vinci, 1452 - 1519, Italian polymath, engineer and scientist
Leonardo da Vinci devised complex mechanical engineering principles
Leonardo da Vinci, 1452 - 1519, Italian polymath, engineer and scientist
Leonardo da Vinci illustrated mathematical shapes for Luca Pacioli
Leonardo da Vinci, 1452 - 1519, Italian polymath, engineer and scientist
Leonardo da Vinci made many investigations in human anatomy
Leonardo da Vinci, 1452 - 1519, Italian polymath, engineer and scientist
Leonardo da Vinci is one of the most famous Renaissance artists and sculptors
Leonardo da Vinci, 1452 - 1519, Italian polymath, engineer and scientist
Leonardo da Vinci may have invented the helicopter. What do you rthink? Would this have flown?





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