Leonardo da Vinci's name is synonymous with genius and polymath. The range of his interests and talents seems endless. Despite his many lines of scientific investigation, his work in anatomy and botany was largely lost till rediscovered centuries later.
Sciences, mechanical engineering
Machines, invention, anatomy, botany, flight, mathematics, architecture, geology, history, cartography, music, art, painting, sculpture
De divina proportione, (Of Divine Proprtions) by Luca Pacioli, contains many fine mathematical and geometrical drawings by Leonardo. These include the golden ratio and the rhombicuboctahedron.
Leonardo drew the Vitruvian Man on the basis of Vitruvius' golden ratio description of human proportions
Inventions: mechanical principles, flying machines, parachute, water transport, fresco painting technique
Leonardo da Vinci is well-known for his many art works, which count among the greatest of all the Renaissance artists. Along with inventing and applying mathematical principles to art, such as parallax and natural fall of textiles, he made detailed drawings of plants, animals and human anatomy, and discovered hardening of the arteries as a cause of death.
In engineering he was engaged to design original defensive structures and weapons of war. He is credited with designing the first tank, parachute, hang-glider, helicopter, underwater breathing equipment, the double hull, and many mechanical engineering devices, such as swinging bridges, water screws, and a giant arbelesque (crossbow).
(Biographies of famous scientists no. 8)
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Physics is the science of the very small and the very large. Learn about Isaac Newton, who gave us the laws of motion and optics, and Albert Einstein, who explained the relativity of all things, as well as catch up on all the latest news about Physics, on ScienceLibrary.info.
1792 - 1871
John Herschel is the son of William Herschel, and the nephew of Caroline Herschel, two famous astronomers. He continued his father's work, publishing enhanced catalogues of astronomical objects, but was also prolific in many other fields of science and technology, notably as a pioneer of photography.
Philosophy is just a way of talking about discoveries that have already been made.
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