Leonardo da Vinci's name is synonymous with genius and polymath. The range of his interests and talents seems endless. Despite his many lines of scientific investigation, his work in anatomy and botany was largely lost till rediscovered centuries later.
Sciences, mechanical engineering
Machines, invention, anatomy, botany, flight, mathematics, architecture, geology, history, cartography, music, art, painting, sculpture
De divina proportione, (Of Divine Proprtions) by Luca Pacioli, contains many fine mathematical and geometrical drawings by Leonardo. These include the golden ratio and the rhombicuboctahedron.
Leonardo drew the Vitruvian Man on the basis of Vitruvius' golden ratio description of human proportions
Inventions: mechanical principles, flying machines, parachute, water transport, fresco painting technique
Leonardo da Vinci is well-known for his many art works, which count among the greatest of all the Renaissance artists. Along with inventing and applying mathematical principles to art, such as parallax and natural fall of textiles, he made detailed drawings of plants, animals and human anatomy, and discovered hardening of the arteries as a cause of death.
In engineering he was engaged to design original defensive structures and weapons of war. He is credited with designing the first tank, parachute, hang-glider, helicopter, underwater breathing equipment, the double hull, and many mechanical engineering devices, such as swinging bridges, water screws, and a giant arbelesque (crossbow).
(Biographies of famous scientists no. 8)
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Mathematics is the most important tool of science. The quest to understand the world and the universe using mathematics is as old as civilisation, and has led to the science and technology of today. Learn about the techniques and history of mathematics on ScienceLibrary.info.
1901 - 1976
Werner Heisenberg was a German physicist, and a key member of the 'Copenhagen Interpretation', which proposed an observer-creation understanding of quantum phenomena, based on Niels Bohr's theories and Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle.
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