Gerard Kuiper, 1905 - 1973, was a Dutch (American from 1937) astronomer who pioneered airborne infrared observations, and was a pioneer in planetary science.
Planetary science, selenography
Also known as the 'Father of Modern Planetary Science'.
The Kuiper Belt, craters on the Moon, Mars, and Mercury, and the minor planet 1776 Kuiper, are named in his honour.
Prix Jules Janssen, Astronomical Society of France.
Henry Norris Russell Lectureship of the American Astronomical Society, 1959.
Kepler Gold Medal, American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Franklin Institute, 1971.
University of Chicago, lecturer and astronomer at the Yerkes Observatory.
Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1960.
Kuiper numbers for binary stars.
Yerkes-McDonald asteroid survey (1950-1952).
Discovery of Miranda, moon of Uranus, and Nereid, moon of Neptune.
Discovered CO2 in atmosphere of Mars.
Methane in atmosphere of Titan, moon of Saturn, in 1944.
Infrared observations from the Convair 990 aircraft, 1960s.
Kuiper identified moon landing sites for NASA, 1960s.
Kuiper's alma mater was Leiden University (of the Leiden Jar fame), where he was associated with Ejnar Hertzsprung, Jan Oort and Paul Ehrenfest, amongst others. He obtained a BSc. in Astronomy, and a Ph.D. in 1933 on binary stars, after which he went to the Harvard College Observatory in 1935, and then the Chicago University Yerkes Observatory in 1937.
Kuiper's impact on astronomy, particularly studies of the solar system, is reflected in the frequent use of his name for craters, an observatory, a planetoid, and the Kuiper Belt, although he did not discover it himself.
(Biographies of famous scientists no. 83)
The most recent article is:
View this item in the topic:
and many more articles in the subject:
Mathematics is the most important tool of science. The quest to understand the world and the universe using mathematics is as old as civilisation, and has led to the science and technology of today. Learn about the techniques and history of mathematics on ScienceLibrary.info.
1546 - 1601
Tycho Brahe was a Danish astronomer, whose meticulous observations and ideas about the nature of planets, stars and comets, although erroneously accommodating rather than directly challenging the long-standing Aristotelian and Ptolemaic versions of the heavens, they were nevertheless an important contribution to the coming scientific revolution, and specifically enabled his assistant, Johannes Keppler, to derive his breakthrough laws of planetary motion.
Bohr was inconsistent, unclear, wilfully obscure and right.
Website © contentwizard.ch | Designed by Andrew Bone