Robert Boyle was an early champion of the scientific method, using rigorous scientific experiment to derive natural laws, and brushing aside religious criticism based on dogma with mathematics and logic.
Physics, gas law
Boyle was a prominent member of the 'Invisible College', the fore-runner of the Royal Society.
After its founding in 1663, Boyle became a member of The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge.
The Sceptical Chymist, 1661. Sub-title: Chymico-Physical Doubts & Paradoxes. This book established Boyle as the leading pioneer of modern chemistry.
New Experiments Physico-Mechanicall, Touching the Spring of the Air, and its Effects, 1660. Debate over this work led to the publication of what was to become known as Boyle's Law, which relates the inverse relationship between pressure and volume.
Wish List. As a leading figure in the scientific community, Boyle created a list of 24 inventions which he thought science would bring into being. 22 of these have since been realised, including 'the prolongation of life', 'art of flying', 'perpetual light', 'light and hard armour', 'wind-independent and unsinkable ships', 'potent drugs to alter functions', and 'a practical and certain way of finding longitudes'.
Boyle's Law. PV = nRT, where P is the gas pressure, V is the volume, n is the number of moles, R is the gas constant, and T the temperature.
Boyle proposed that matter was composed of moving atoms, and natural phenomena was due to particle collisions. [today: Kinetic theory of gases]
Boyle developed Otto von Guericke's air pump, in 1657, with Robert Boyle. The result was the 'machina Boyleana', a type of pneumatical engine, which he used to experiment on air properties.
Robert Boyle was a contemporary and great influence on the great scientists of the English Enlightenment: Robert Hooke and Isaac Newton.
With Robert Hooke, he developed apparatus for experimenting with air pressure, and derived the fundamental principles of the gas laws.
His 1661 book The Sceptical Chymist or Chymico-Physical Doubts & Paradoxes, is one of the most famous books on chemistry ever, and helped establish the modern scientific method as the basis for scientific procedure, a system adopted by Isaac Newton to great effect.
Robert Boyle was aided in his work by his sister, Katherine Jones, whose scientific contributions have largely been transgressed by the historical record.
(Biographies of famous scientists no. 44)
The most recent article is:
View this item in the topic:
and many more articles in the subject:
Mathematics is the most important tool of science. The quest to understand the world and the universe using mathematics is as old as civilisation, and has led to the science and technology of today. Learn about the techniques and history of mathematics on ScienceLibrary.info.
1894 - 1974
Satyendra Nath Bose was an Indian polymath, best known for his Physics work with Einstein, and after whom the boson is named.
We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy but because they are hard!
Website © renewable-media.com | Designed by: Andrew Bone