Nicolaus (II) Bernoulli was the second mathematician called Nicolaus in the Bernoulli dynasty, which dominated the world of mathematics from their home in Basel, Switzlerland.

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Swiss

Mathematics

Differential equations, functions, probability, fluid dynamics

Private tutor, Venice, 1716-7

Chair of Mathematics, University of Bologna, 1719 -

Professor of Law, Berner Oberen Schule, 1723 -

Invited by Peter the Great to St. Petersberg Academy, where he died of fever within 8 months, succeeded by Leonard Euler, who also died there prematurely.

He proposed the reciprocal orthogonal trajectories problem in 1720 as a challenge to the Newtonians.

He entered the Unviversity of Basel at only 13 years old, to study mathematics and law.

Speaking several languages already in his teens, he assisted his father with correspondence, and was engaged in his father's disputes with Newton's supporters, regarding the authorship of calculus, and Brook Taylor, the English mathematician. He proposed the reciprocal orthogonal trajectories problem in 1720 as a challenge to the Newtonians.

(Biographies of famous scientists no. 70)

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Mathematics is the most important tool of science. The quest to understand the world and the universe using mathematics is as old as civilisation, and has led to the science and technology of today. Learn about the techniques and history of mathematics on ScienceLibrary.info.

1918 - 1988

Richard Feynman was an American physicist and folk hero, known for his humour as much as his scientific work.

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