Science Library - free educational site

Johann(I) Bernoulli

1667 - 1748

Johann Bernoulli, 1667 - 1748, Swiss mathematician

Johann Bernoulli was a Swiss mathematician, one of two brothers who founded the Bernoulli family dynasty which dominated mathematics for more than a century.

  • Nationality
  • Swiss

  • Subject
  • Mathematics

  • Fields
  • Calculus, infinitesimals

  • Posts
  • Professor of Mathematics, University of Groningen, from 1694 - 1705.

    Professor of Mathematics, University of Basel, 1705 -.

  • Laws
  • Bernoulli's identity

    Bernoulli's rule

  • Theories
  • Infinitesimal Calculus (Leibniz notation). Johann and his older brother Jakob were among the first mathematicians to adopt and apply the new revolutionary calculus.

    Calculus of Variations, the product of the dispute between Johann and his brother Jakob, over the solution to the equation of a particle moving in the shortest time between two points under gravity (Brachistochrone problem).

  • Equations
  • Catenary solution

  • Experiments/Discoveries
  • Brachistochrone problem

Johann Bernoulli was also the educator of Leonhard Euler, whom Laplace later referred to as 'the father of all we mathematicians'. He also was influential in gaining continental acceptance of Leibniz'e claim to being the inventor of calculus, showing that Leibniz's method allowed the solutions of certain problems which Newton's did not.

His most remembered contributions were to differential and infinitesimal calculus. Johann also favoured Descartes' incorrect Vortex Theory over Newton's Theory of Gravitation, delaying the latter's acceptance in Europe.

He was the father of three subsequently famous Bernoulli mathematics: Nicolaus (II), Daniel, and Johann (II), and was the uncle of Nicolaus (I).

Latest Item on Science Library:

The most recent article is:


View this item in the topic:

Vectors and Trigonometry

and many more articles in the subject:

Subject of the Week


Environmental Science is the most important of all sciences. As the world enters a phase of climate change, unprecedented biodiversity loss, pollution and human population growth, the management of our environment is vital for our futures. Learn about Environmental Science on

Environmental Science

Great Scientists

Enrico Fermi

1901 - 1954

Enrico Fermi was of the most prominent physicists of the first half of the twentieth century, and a pioneer of nuclear physics.

Enrico Fermi, 1901-54, Italian physicist and pioneer of nuclear physics

Quote of the day...

"Or I shall have you hung, drawn and decimalled," threatened Napoleon.
"Decimalled?" enquired Sean with a rare mélange of curious anxiety.
"Yes. The French Republic has gone metric," explained Napoleon proudly.

ZumGuy Internet Promotions

Renewable energy media services